To Set the Record Straight
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End Notes for To Set The Record Straight, with links

Chapter 1: Hanoi's American Allies

1. John Kerry, remarks to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, April 22, 1971, United States Senate, Committee on Foreign Relations, 92nd Congress, 1st Session, Legislative Proposals Relating to the War in Southeast Asia: Hearings of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, April 20 to May 27, 1971 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1971), 180-210.
2. Ion Mihai Pacepa, "Kerry's Soviet Rhetoric," National Review Online February 26, 2004.
3. "March 8, 1965: U.S. Combat Troops Arrive," HistoryCentral.com.
4. Pacepa, "Kerry's Soviet Rhetoric."
5. John Duffet, ed., Against the Crime of Silence: Proceedings of the Russell International War Crimes Tribunal, (New York: O'Hare Books, 1970), 8.
6. Guenter Lewy, America in Vietnam, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1978), 311-312.
7. Gerald Nicosia, Home to War: A History of the Vietnam Veterans' Movement (New York: Crown Publishers, 2001), 75-77.
8. Federal Bureau of Investigation, "Information Digest Special Report" on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, August 25, 1972, HQ 100-448092, Section 32.
9. Federal Bureau of Investigation, "Information Digest Special Report".
10. New York Times, September 5, 1970.
11. Nicosia, Home to War, 151.
12. William Overend, "Who Is Al Hubbard?" National Review Online, April 23, 2004.
13. Nicosia, Home to War, 61. See "Documents, Film Clips, Audio and Cartoons," WinterSoldier.com.
14. Vietnam: 3 Films of GI/Vet Resistance (RAW March), Legacy Films. See "Documents, Film Clips, Audio and Cartoons," WinterSoldier.com.
15. Nicosia, Home to War, 63.
16. Nicosia, Home to War, 68-69.
17. Nicosia, Home to War, 72.
18. Lisa Myers, "Kerry's view of Vietnam changed since 70's," NBC News, May 7, 2004.
19. Michael Kranish and Patrick Healy, "Kerry spoke of meeting negotiators on Vietnam," Boston Globe, March 25, 2004.
20. Max Friedman is a former undercover member of several leading communistcontrolled "antiwar" movement national groups, including the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam (Mobe), New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam (New Mobe), Student Mobilization Committee, and the Washington Mobe. He was also the head of the short-lived Washington Peace Council.
21. Interview with Max Friedman, July 2005.
22. "Answer this question, Mr. Kerry," Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, October 17, 2004.
23. James W. Clinton, The Loyal Opposition: Americans in North Vietnam, 1965-1972 (Niwot: University Press of Colorado, 1995), 25.
24. Clinton, The Loyal Opposition, 51-52.
25. Stanley Karnow, "VC to Cultivate U.S. Antiwar Groups," Washington Post, October 18, 1969.
26. S. Steven Powell, Covert Cadre: Inside the Institute for Policy Studies, introduction by David Horowitz (Green Hill, Illinois: Green Hill Publishers, Inc., 1987), 34-35.
27. Max Friedman, "Did the KGB Use John Kerry?" WinterSoldier.com, July 6, 2005.
28. Vietnam Veterans Against the War, "Executive Committee Meeting Minutes," September 11, 1970.
29. Andrew E. Hunt, The Turning: A History of Vietnam Veterans Against the War (New York: New York University Press, 1999), 61-62.
30. Richard Stacewicz, Winter Soldiers: An Oral History of the Vietnam Veterans Against the War (New York: Twayne Publishers, 1997), 232-233.
31. U.S. House of Representatives, House Committee on Internal Security, 92nd Congress, 2nd Session, "Hearings regarding H.R. 16742: Restraints on Travel to Hostile Areas, September 19 and 25, 1972," Congressional Record (Washington, DC: GPO, 1972), 7680.
32. Nicosia, Home to War, 82.
33. Michael Uhl, Vet Coordinator, Citizens' Commission of Inquiry, "Invitation to National Veterans' Inquiry into U.S. War Crimes," November 16, 1970.
34. Neil Sheehan, "Mark Lane: Smearing America's Soldiers in Vietnam," New York Times Book Review, Dec. 27, 1970.
35. Nicosia, Home to War, 79-80, 89.
36. Nicosia, Home to War, 85.
37. Fedora, "Hanoi John: Kerry and the Antiwar Movement's Communist Connections," WinterSoldier.com.
38. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 2, 114.
39. Federal Bureau of Investigation, "Information Digest Special Report."
40. Stacewicz, Winter Soldiers, 238.
41. Hunt, The Turning, 67-68. See ad image at WinterSoldier.com.
42. See Winter Soldier Investigation testimony, recorded in Vietnam Veterans Against the War, The Winter Soldier Investigation: An Inquiry into American War Crimes (Boston: Beacon Press, 1972), online at "Complete Winter Soldier Investigation Testimony," WinterSoldier.com.
43. Detroit Area People's Peace Treaty Office, "A Welcome to the Winter Soldier Investigation."
44. "Statement of Mrs. James F. Warner," Winter Soldier Investigation testimony.
45. Vietnam Veterans Against the War press release, February 2, 1971.
46. Winter Soldier documentary (Winterfilm Collective, 1971).
47. Federal Bureau of Investigation, "Information Digest Special Report."
48. Christopher Andersen, Citizen Jane: The Turbulent Life of Jane Fonda (London: Virgin Books, 1990), 241.
49. Federal Bureau of Investigation, "Information Digest Special Report."
50. National Archives and Records Administration, "Action File - 'Winter Soldier Investigation' Hearing 1971, Part 1 of 2," Records of the Army Staff Vietnam War Crimes Working Group Central File (Record Group 319), Box 4, Folder 1.
51. Lewy, America in Vietnam, 317.
52. Powell, Covert Cadre, 42.
53. Nicosia, Home to War, 99.
54. Nicosia, Home to War, 104-5.
55. Michael Kranish, "With antiwar role, high visibility," Part 3 of "John Kerry: Candidate in the Making," Boston Globe, June 17, 2003.
56. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Teletype, April 13, 1971, Files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, 448092-71.
57. "Meet the Press," NBC, April 18, 1971.
58. For more detail on the operational terminology of warfare, see Cory G., "Kerry's Testimony Speaks Volumes," WinterSoldier.com.
59. "Washington DC/Antiwar Demonstration," CBS Evening News, April 18, 1971.
60. Federal Bureau of Investigation, "Information Digest Special Report."
61. "Washington DC/Antiwar Demonstration," CBS Evening News, April 19, 1971.
62. Nicosia, Home to War, 119.
63. "Washington DC/Antiwar Demonstration," ABC Evening News, April 20, 1971.
64. "Washington DC/Antiwar Demonstration," CBS Evening News, April 20, 1971.
65. "Washington DC/Antiwar Demonstration," ABC Evening News, April 20, 1971.
66. "Washington DC/Antiwar Demonstration," ABC Evening News, April 21, 1971.
67. "Washington DC/Antiwar Demonstration," CBS Evening News, April 19, 1971.
68. Stacewicz, Winter Soldiers, 250.
69. Stacewicz, Winter Soldiers, 333-4.
70. Adam Walinsky, quoted in J.F. Ter Horst, "A Tale of 2 Veterans: One has Charisma, One Sleeps on the Ground," Omaha World Herald, May 6, 1971.
71. John Kerry, remarks to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, April 22, 1971.
72. "Washington DC/Antiwar Demonstration," ABC Evening News, April 22, 1971.
73. "Vietnamese patriots praise anti-war vets," Daily World, April 23, 1971.
74. "Washington DC/Antiwar Demonstration," NBC Evening News, April 22, 1971.
75. "Washington DC/Antiwar Demonstration," ABC Evening News, April 23, 1971.
76. "Washington DC/Antiwar Demonstration," CBS Evening News, April 23, 1971.
77. "Commentary (John Kerry)," ABC Evening News, April 23, 1971.
78. "Veteran Al Hubbard," NBC Evening News, April 23, 1971.
79. Powell, Covert Cadre, 43.
80. Friedman, "Did the KGB Use John Kerry?"
81. James Rothrock, Lt Col. USAF (Ret.), Divided We Fall: How Disunity Leads to Defeat (Bloomington, Indiana: AuthorHouse, 2006), 119-120.
82. "Washington DC/Antiwar Demonstration," CBS Evening News, April 24, 1971.
83. "Notes on Washington Rally," Daily World, April 27, 1971.
84. "Ho Thu Acclaims U.S. Antiwar Demonstrations," Liberation Radio (Clandestine in South Vietnam), April 27, 1971, 1000 GMT, from the Texas Tech University Vietnam Center and Archive.
85. "Peace Proposal of the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Republic of South Vietnam," July 1, 1971.
86. "Circular," recorded as "Document 13" in U.S. Department of State, American Embassy, Saigon, Vietnam, Viet-Nam Documents and Research Notes Document No. 101: "The PRGSRV", Part IV: The PRG's "Diplomatic Offensive," July 21, 1971, archived at Texas Tech University Virtual Vietnam Archive, Item Number 4080405004.
87. Summary of Radio Hanoi's Voice of Vietnam broadcast for July 26, 1971, from the Vietnam Veterans Radio Network's VVRN Catalog of Radio Hanoi Tapes.
88. Daily World, July 24, 1971, 3.
89. Dr. Robert Turner, "On the Edge of Treason?: John Kerry's Exploitation of POWs and Their Families," WinterSoldier.com, August 8, 2004.
90. Hanoi Hannah, quoted in the Vietnam Veterans Radio Network's VVRN Catalog of Radio Hanoi Tapes.
91. Letter from Trinh Huu Tuan to PBS, American Experience: Vietnam Online: Viewer Mail, June 1997.
92. Don North, "Voices from the Past: The Search for Hanoi Hannah," Viet Nam Generation Journal & Newsletter 3, No. 3 (November 1991).
93. Richard Tomkins, "Ex-POWs slam Kerry's war-protest activities," United Press International, August 3, 2004.
94. Viet Cong leaflet addressed to "U.S. officers and men," signed by "The Central Duc-Pho National front for Liberation," from the archives of John Boyle, unit historian for the 19th Engineer Battalion (Combat)(Army).
95. See testimony in Frank Browning and Dorothy Forman, ed., The Wasted Nations: Report of the International Commission of Enquiry into United States Crimes in Indochina, June 20-25, 1971, preface by Gunnar Myrdal, introduction by Richard Falk (New York: Harper Colophon Books, 1972).
96. Memorandum from Federal Bureau of Investigation to Senate Select Committee To Study Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities, "Re: Vietnam Veterans Against the War/Winter Soldier Organization (VVAW/WSO), "December 2, 1975, 2-3: in United States Senate, Senate Select Committee To Study Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities, 94th Congress, 1st Session, Hearings before the Select Committee To Study Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities, Volume 6: Federal Bureau of Investigation, November 18, 19, December 2, 3, 9, 10, and 11, 1975 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1976), Exhibit 72, 836-840.
97. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 9, 209.
98. Federal Bureau of Investigation, "Information Digest Special Report."
99. Stacewicz, Winter Soldiers, 290.
100. Letter from Vietnam Veterans Against the War National Office, with transcripts attached, Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 11, 173-181.
101. Transcripts of recorded messages from US servicemen captured in South Vietnam, August 1971, Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 11, 174-81.
102. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 5, 230.
103. Gerald Nicosia, "Veteran in Conflict: Sen. John Kerry's Struggle for Leadership of a Vietnam Veterans Antiwar Group in 1971 Ended With His Resignation at a Stormy Meeting in Kansas City, Where Militants Advocated Violence Against the U.S. Government," Los Angeles Times, May 23, 2004, Section Los Angeles Times Magazine, LAT Magazine Desk, Part I, 10.
104. Stacewicz, Winter Soldiers, 293.
105. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 10, 251.
106. Thomas Lipscomb, "How Kerry Quit Veterans Group Amid Dark Plot: When Talk Turned To Assassination He Exited, Vet Says," New York Sun, March 12, 2004, 1.
107. Nicosia, Home to War, 216-217.
108. Federal Bureau of Investigation, "Information Digest Special Report."
109. Rothrock, Divided We Fall, 166-167.
110. Ibid., 166.
111. Federal Bureau of Investigation, "Information Digest Special Report."
112. Ibid.
113. Ibid.
114. Nicosia, Home to War, 131.
115. Federal Bureau of Investigation, "Information Digest Special Report."
116. Thomas Paine, The American Crisis, Chapter 1: "The American Crisis: Dec. 23, 1776."
117. Nicosia, Home to War, Preface.
118. Ho Chi Minh background: interview with Dr. Robert Turner, February 2005.
119. Jane Fonda to US POWs, Radio Hanoi, July 10, 1972.
120. Jane Fonda to Saigon students, Radio Hanoi, July 26, 1972.
121. Jane Fonda talk on Quang Tri, Radio Hanoi, August 7, 1972.
122. Andersen, Citizen Jane, 257.
123. Ibid., 266-268.
124. James H. Willbanks, Abandoning Vietnam: How America Left and South Vietnam Lost Its War (Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2004), 3.
125. "War and Protest - the US in Vietnam (1972-1975)," BBC.
126. Dr. Peter Rollins, Television's Vietnam: Part 1: The Real Story, Accuracy in Media, 1984.
127. James Webb, "Sleeping With the Enemy," December 5, 2003.
128. President Gerald Ford to Congress, April 10, 1975, reprinted in Rothrock, Divided We Fall, 42-44.
129. Willbanks, Abandoning Vietnam, 230-231.
130. Willbanks, Abandoning Vietnam, 277.
131. 1995 Information Please Almanac, Atlas & Yearbook, 49th edition (Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1994), 117, 161, 292.
132. Lewy, America in Vietnam, 278.
133. Norman Podhoretz, Why We Were In Vietnam (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1982), 198.
134. Jacqueline Desbarats, "Repression in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Executions and Population Relocation," in John Norton Moore, ed., The Vietnam Debate: A Fresh Look at the Arguments (Boston, University Press of America, 1990) 196-197.
135. R. J. Rummel, Death By Government (New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 1994), 241, 243, 258, 282.
136. "Root Cause of the Exodus," excerpt from Lloyd Duong, The Boat People: Imprints on History (Boston: Optimal World Publishers, 2000).
137. Yale University MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies Genocide Studies Program, Cambodian Genocide Program.
138. Powell, Covert Cadre, 107-108.
139. Andersen, Citizen Jane, 294-295.
140. Joshua Muravchik, "Never Apologize, Never Explain," Weekly Standard, November 1, 2004.
141. George McGovern, letter to the Los Angeles Times, December 25, 2004.
142. Meet the Press with Tim Russert, April 23, 2006, transcript at MSNBC.

Chapter 2: Voices in the Wilderness

1. Alexander Solzhenitsyn, address to Harvard students, June 8, 1978.
2. Interview with Bruce Kesler, December 2004.
3. Bruce Kesler, "Veterans for Vietnam," New York Times, May 13, 1971.
4. "The Speech John O'Neill Wasn't Allowed to Give," WinterSoldier.com, October 22, 2004.
5. Ken W. Clawson, "'Veterans for a Just Peace' Formed to Offset Kerry Unit," Washington Post, June 2, 1971.
6. Interview with Bruce Kesler, December 2004.
7. Bruce Kesler, "John O'Neill and John Kerry," Augusta Free Press, August 27, 2004.
8. "Excerpts from Nixon's White House Tapes," MSNBC, March 15, 2004.
9. "Road to the White House," interview with Dick Cavett regarding the rebroadcast of the John Kerry/John O'Neill debate of June 30, 1971, C-SPAN, March 28, 2004.
10. Kenneth R. Gregg, "Tokyo Bombing - 60th Anniversary," History News Network.
11. See for example W. Hays Parks, "Linebacker and the Law of War," Air University Review (January-February 1983), and Col. Jack Broughton, Thud Ridge (New York: Bantam, 1985).
12. Interview with Admiral Roy Hoffmann, January 2006.
13. John Kerry/John O'Neill debate, The Dick Cavett Show, June 30, 1971.
14. Lewy, America in Vietnam, 272-277.
15. Ibid., 449.
16. Ibid., 324-5.
17. "Statistics Of Vietnamese Democide: Estimates, Calculations, And Sources," from Chapter 6 of R.J. Rummel, Statistics of Democide: Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1900 (Charlottesville, Virginia: Center for National Security Law, 1997).
18. Lewy, America in Vietnam, 317.
19. Vietnam: A Television History (PBS, 1983).
20. Letter from Trinh Huu Tuan to PBS, American Experience: Vietnam Online: Viewer Mail, June 1997.
21. Rollins, Television's Vietnam.
22. B.G. Burkett and Glenna Whitley, Stolen Valor: How the Vietnam Generation Was Robbed of Its Heroes and Its History (Dallas: Verity Press Publishing, 1998), 32.
23. Steven Hayward, "The Tet Offensive," Dialogues, April 2004, excerpted from Steven Hayward, The Age of Reagan: The Fall of the Old Liberal Order, 1964-1980 (Roseville, California: Forum/Prima, 2001).
24. Rollins, Television's Vietnam.
25. Ibid.
26. Michael Lee Lanning, Vietnam at the Movies (New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1994), x.
27. Ibid., 5.
28. Ibid., 58.
29. Ibid., 95.
30. Ibid., 58.
31. Ibid., 75.
32. Ibid., 155.
33. Burkett and Whitley, Stolen Valor, 42.
34. Interview with B.G. Burkett, January 2005.
35. "The Truth About Viet Nam Vets," D Magazine.
36. Interview with B.G. Burkett, January 2005.
37. Ibid.
38. Burkett and Whitley, Stolen Valor, 92-98.
39. Ibid., 104-105.
40. Ibid., 98-99.
41. Ibid., 106.
42. Ibid., 99.
43. Interview with B.G. Burkett, January 2005.
44. Burkett and Whitley, Stolen Valor, 82.
45. Interview with Mary Schantag, August, 2006.
46. Interview with B.G. Burkett, January 2005.
47. Charles J. Hanley, Martha Mendoza, and Sang-hun Choe, The Bridge at No Gun Ri: A Hidden Nightmare from the Korean War (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2001).
48. Michael Taylor, "War of Words on a Prize-Winning Story," San Francisco Chronicle, April 7, 2002 .
49. Susan Paterno, "An ill tailwind," American Journalism Review 20 (September 1998).
50. Brigid McMenamin, "Humbled by the Internet," Forbes.com, July 27, 1998.
51. "Heads May Roll at CNN Over Nerve Gas Charges," Accuracy in Media, June 22, 1998.
52. Floyd Abrams, "Report on CNN Broadcast," CNN, July 2, 1998.
53. "CNN retracts Tailwind coverage," CNN, July 2, 1998.
54. Department of Defense, "Department of Defense Review of Allegations Concerning 'Operation Tailwind'," July 21, 1998.
55. "Arnett's Propaganda Meets an End at NBC," Media Research Center, March 31, 2003.

Chapter 3: Gunning Down the Senators

1. Nicosia, Home to War, 220-222.
2. Stacewicz, Winter Soldiers, 295. Emphasis in the original.
3. Interview with Thomas Lipscomb, December 2006.
4. Lipscomb, "How Kerry Quit Veterans Group Amid Dark Plot."
5. Scott Canon, "'71 anti-war session: Was Kerry in KC?" Kansas City Star, March 13, 2004.
6. Douglas Brinkley, Tour of Duty: John Kerry and the Vietnam War (New York: William Morrow, 2004), 406.
7. Lipscomb, "How Kerry Quit Veterans Group Amid Dark Plot."
8. Scott Canon, "Kerry hedges on '71 KC meeting," Kansas City Star, March 20, 2004.
9. John Fund, "Kerry's Other War Record: His antiwar activities deserve more scrutiny from the press," Opinion Journal, March 29, 2004.
10. Patrick Buchanan, "Unanswered Questions: John Kerry and the Infamous Kansas City Meeting," Human Events Online, April 30, 2004.
11. Josh Gerstein, "Kerry Retreats From His Denial On Vietnam Meet," New York Sun, March 19, 2004.
12. Josh Gerstein, "More Witnesses Recall Kerry At Plot Meeting," New York Sun, March 18, 2004.
13. Canon, "Kerry hedges on '71 KC meeting."
14. Thomas Lipscomb, "New Witness: Kerry Was Present at Dark Plot Meeting: Group Debated and Voted Down Plan To Assassinate Senators," New York Sun, March 15, 2004.
15. Interview with Ron Kolb, July 2005.
16. Thomas Lipscomb, "Kerry's Campaign Asked Veteran To Change Story," New York Sun, March 22, 2004.
17. Nicosia, "Veteran in Conflict."
18. John Kerry comments on ">Separatists Blamed for Fatal Madrid Bombings; Bertuzzi Suspension Has Hockey Fans Talking," Live From..., March 11, 2004, transcript at CNN.
19. Marc Morano, "Kerry Lying About Anti-War Past, Supporter Alleges," CNSNews.com, March 18, 2004.
20. Gerstein, "Kerry Retreats From His Denial On Vietnam Meet."
21. Marc Morano, "Police Report Sheds Doubt on 'Theft' of Kerry's FBI Files," NewsMax.com, April 9, 2004.
22. Gerstein, "Kerry Retreats From His Denial On Vietnam Meet."
23. Nicosia, "Veteran in Conflict."
24. "Dentist Doesn't Remember Treating Bush," Associated Press, February 12, 2004.
25. "FBI spied on Kerry in '70s, report says," Associated Press, March 23, 2004.
26. "Advocacy Journalism: Associated Press is covering up for Kerry," FreeRepublic.com, March 22, 2004.
27. Laura Blumenfeld and Dan Balz, "FBI Tracked Kerry in Vietnam Vets Group," Washington Post, March 23, 2004.
28. John M. Glionna, "John Kerry, National Security Threat?" Los Angeles Times, March 22, 2004.
29. "Newly Revealed FBI Files on Kerry," CBS News, March 22, 2004.
30. Canon, "Kerry hedges on '71 KC meeting."
31. David M. Halbfinger, "Kerry's Antiwar Past Is a Delicate Issue in His Campaign," New York Times, April 24, 2004.
32. Scarborough Country, March 23, 2004.
33. Halbfinger, "Kerry's Antiwar Past Is a Delicate Issue in His Campaign," New York Times, April 24, 2004.
34. Captain Ed, "Phoenix Project Finally Makes the NY Times," CaptainsQuartersblog.com, April 24, 2004.
35. David Halbfinger, "Film Echoes the Present in Atrocities of the Past," New York Times, August 9, 2005, E1.
36. Brinkley, Tour of Duty, 406.
37. Bill O'Reilly, "The O'Reilly Factor," FOX News, May 27, 2004.
38. Nicosia, "Veteran in Conflict."
39. "Complete VVAW FBI Files," WinterSoldier.com, May 20, 2004.
40. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 2, 106.
41. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 9, 69-74.
42. Research provided by Ron Kolb, summer 2005.
43. Memorandum from Federal Bureau of Investigation to Senate Select Committee To Study Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities, "Re: Vietnam Veterans Against the War/Winter Soldier Organization (VVAW/WSO), "December 2, 1975, 2-3: in United States Senate, Senate Select Committee To Study Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities, 94th Congress, 1st Session, Hearings before the Select Committee To Study Governmental Operations With Respect to Intelligence Activities, Volume 6: Federal Bureau of Investigation, November 18, 19, December 2, 3, 9, 10, and 11, 1975 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1976), Exhibit 72, 836-840.
44. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 05, 230.
45. John Kerry debate with John O'Neill, The Dick Cavett Show, June 30, 1971.
46. Interview with Thomas Lipscomb, January 2006.
47. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 10, 251.
48. Hunt, The Turning, 127.
49. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 9, 133.
50. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 9, 136.
51. Nicosia, "Veteran in Conflict."
52. Lipscomb, "How Kerry Quit Veterans Group Amid Dark Plot."
53. Nicosia, Home to War, 219.
54. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 9, 142.
55. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 9, 152.
56. Blumenfeld and Balz, "FBI Tracked Kerry in Vietnam Vets Group."
57. "What's New?" WinterSoldier.com, March 19, 2004.
58. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 10, 166.
59. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Section 10, 167.
60. Testimony of Dwight Douglas Crews (Jefferson Parish, La. Deputy Sheriff), "The Theory and Practice of Communism in 1972 (Venceremos Brigade) Part 2," in U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Internal Security, 92nd Congress, 2nd Session, Hearings before the Committee on Internal Security, House of Representatives, 92nd Congress, 2nd Session, Oct. 16, 18 and 19, 1972 (Washington, DC: GPO, 1972), 7846.
61. Rebecca Brown, "Scott Camil and the Gainesville Eight," February 5, 2000.
62. Interview with Ron Kolb, July 2005.
63. Scott Camil, interview by Stuart Landers, October 20, 1992, transcript on file at the University of Florida Oral History Archive.
64. Interview with Thomas Lipscomb, December 2006.
65. Nicosia, "Veteran in Conflict."
66. Vietnam Veterans Against the War, "Only the Beginning," from Vietnam: 3 Films of GI/Vet Resistance.
67. Stacewicz, Winter Soldiers, 76.
68. "Open Letter to all Vets" signed by Scott Camil, Wisconsin Historical Society Archives, Vietnam Veterans Against the War Records, Florida Chapters correspondence, Box 2, Folders 12-15, 290.
69. Ibid.
70. Letter from Jon Birch, Larry Rottmann, Joe Urgo, and Al Hubbard to Scott Camil, Wisconsin Historical Society Archives, Vietnam Veterans Against the War Records, Florida Chapters correspondence, Box 2, Folders 12-15, 286-287. All emphasis in the original.

Chapter 4: Investigating the Winter Soldiers

1. Mackubin Owens, "Vetting the Vet Record," National Review Online, January 27, 2004.
2. "Democrats Likely to Choose Howard Dean as Leader," excerpt from Charles Lewis and the Center for Public Integrity, The Buying of the President 2004: Who's Really Bankrolling Bush and His Democratic Challengers - and What They Expect In Return (New York: Perennial, 2004).
3. Todd S. Purdum, "Shattering Iowa Myths," New York Times, January 20, 2004.
4. Chuck Noe, "What You Don't Know About John Kerry," NewsMax.com, January 20, 2004.
5. Interview with Mike Benge, May 2006.
6. Press release, Vietnam Veterans Against John Kerry, "U.S. Veterans & Vietnamese Unite to Oppose John Kerry," February 5, 2004.
7. Patrick Healy, "As campaign heats up, veterans taking sides," Boston Globe, February 1, 2004.
8. Sheryl Gay Stolberg, "Conservatives Shine Spotlight on Kerry's Antiwar Record," New York Times, February 13, 2004.
9. "Sampley: Kerry 'Bird' Shot May Have Been Captured on Film," NewsMax.com, June 2, 2004.
10. IntelMemo.com, November 2003.
11. Interview with Ben H. Swett, January 2005.
12. Bill Gertz and Rowan Scarborough, "Sky-high polls," Washington Times, June 27, 2003.
13. "Free Republic Network Launches Web Site on 'Winter Soldier Investigation' and Kerry Slander of U.S. Troops in Vietnam," press release, FreeRepublic.com, February 23, 2004.
14. Scott Swett, "Doonesbury and the Winter Soldier," WinterSoldier.com, February 24, 2004.
15. Joel Mowbray, "John Kerry, the Sunshine Soldier," FrontPageMag.com, February 24, 2004.
16. Rich Taylor, photo-editing, "Fonda Speaks To Vietnam Veterans At Anti-War Rally" (composite image), February 11, 2004.
17. "THE KERRY DOSSIER (post here anything you've uncovered on Kerry)," FreeRepublic.com, February 11, 2004, Post 106.
18. Interview with Rich Taylor, March 2006.
19. See for example, Stolberg, "Conservatives Shine Spotlight on Kerry's Antiwar Record."
20. Marlon Manuel, "Jane Fonda Defends Kerry," Atlanta Journal-Constitution, February 11, 2004.
21. Carla Marinucci, "Doctored Kerry photo brings anger, threat of suit," San Francisco Chronicle, February 20, 2004.
22. Michael Rothfield, "Less Than Picture-Perfect," Newsday, February 15, 2004.
23. Ken Light, "Fonda, Kerry and Photo Fakery," Washington Post, February 28, 2004.
24. Interview with Scott Swett, March 2006.
25. Interview with Michael Meehan, CNN, April 20, 2004.
26. "Dewey Canyon III: Olympic Medal Toss Event," WinterSoldier.com, Documents, Film Clips, Audio and Cartoons section, March 2, 2004.
27. Excerpt from Vietnam Veterans Against the War, "Only the Beginning," 1971.
28. "Complete John Kerry Testimony, 04/22/71," WinterSoldier.com, March 2, 2004.
29. Scott Swett, "The Rest of the Kerry Transcript," WinterSoldier.com, March 9, 2004.
30. Michael Kranish and Patrick Healy, "Kerry spoke of meeting negotiators on Vietnam," Boston Globe, March 25, 2004.
31. "What's New?" WinterSoldier.com, March 25, 2004.
32. Interview with Dr. Jerome Corsi, October 2004.
33. Ibid.
34. "So when did John Kerry leave the VVAW, anyway?" WinterSoldier.com, March 19, 2004.
35. Dr. Jerome Corsi, "John Kerry and the Communist Daily World," WinterSoldier.com, March 28, 2004.
36. See "Speakers Bureau," WinterSoldier.com.
37. Email from Bruce Kesler to Scott Swett, November 8, 2004.
38. Joseph Farah, "Kerry vet aide's extremist history," WorldNetDaily.com, September 7, 2004.
39. Steve Gilbert, "One of Kerry's Band of Brothers? Joe Bangert," American Thinker, August 25, 2004.
40. Sen Star letter to "Incoming," WinterSoldier.com.
41. Russ Vaughn, "The Nuanced Politician," copyright 2004 by Russ Vaughn, letter to "Incoming," WinterSoldier.com.
42. Scott Swett, posting as "Interesting Times," post #68, FreeRepublic.com, Apr. 23, 2004.
43. Scott Swett, posting as "Admin" to "Incoming," WinterSoldier.com
44. Ibid.
45. "VVAW Letter of Support," The Veteran, VVAW.org.
46. Rush Limbaugh, "Democrats Faking Orgasms Over Military and Intelligence Matters," EIB Network, February 6, 2004.

Chapter 5: Boxes in the Attic

1. Admiral Roy Hoffmann, remarks at Swift Vets and POWs for Truth dinner in Philadelphia, December 4, 2004.
2. Brinkley, Tour of Duty, 177-178.
3. Brinkley, Tour of Duty, 331.
4. Interview with Admiral Roy Hoffmann, March 2006.
5. Biography of Admiral Hoffmann, posted at SwiftVets.com.
6. Interview with Admiral Roy Hoffmann, March 2006.
7. Ibid.
8. Interview with George Elliott, September 2006.
9. Interview with Bob Elder, November 2006.
10. Brinkley, Tour of Duty, 300.
11. Interview with Larry Thurlow, February 2007.
12. Major Garrett, "Swift Boat Leader: Kerry Worried About Ads," FOX News, August 27, 2004.
13. Ibid.
14. Interview with Admiral Roy Hoffmann, March 2006.
15. "What's New?" WinterSoldier.com, March 31, 2004.
16. Brinkley, Tour of Duty, 439.
17. Can Tho RVN Air Base website.
18. Ibid.
19. Art Moore, "Battalion still 'sullied' by Kerry aide's claim," WorldNetDaily.com, August 25, 2004.
20. John J. Miller, "The Douglas Brinkley Show," National Review Online, June 29.
21. Interview with Bill Franke, December 2006.
22. Interview with Admiral Roy Hoffmann, March 2006.
23. Interview with John O'Neill, November 2004.
24. Interview with John O'Neill, November 2004.
25. Pamela Colloff, "Sunk," Texas Monthly, January 2005.
26. John O'Neill, remarks at the Conservative Political Action Conference in Washington DC, February 18, 2006.
27. Interview with Weymouth Symmes, January 2007.
28. Interview with John O'Neill, July 2006.
29. Interview with Bill Franke, December 2006.
30. Interview with Merrie Spaeth, May 2006.
31. John O'Neill, remarks at Swift Vets and POWs for Truth dinner, Philadelphia, PA, December 4, 2004.
32. Donations by T. Boone Pickens, under "Billionaire Political Donations," Newsmeat.com.
33. Dan Balz and Thomas B. Edsall, "Democrats Forming Parallel Campaign," Washington Post, March 10, 2004.
34. Swift Boat Veterans for Truth, Second Quarter Report 8872.
35. "John Kerry & John O'Neill, Dick Cavett Show Debate from 1971 on C-SPAN Now [LIVE THREAD]," FreeRepublic.com, March 28, 2004.
36. John O'Neill, "Unfit for Office," OpinionJournal, May 4, 2004.
37. Interview with Jennifer Webster, May 2006.
38. Interview with John O'Neill, July 2006.
39. Interview with John O'Neill, The Schiffer Report, April 19, 2004.
40. Wolf Blitzer Reports, April 20, 2004, transcript at CNN.
41. Dayside with Linda Vester, on FOX News, April 26, 2004.
42. Interview with Jennifer Webster, May 2006.
43. Interview with Merrie Spaeth, May, 2006.
44. Interview with Jennifer Webster, May 2006.
45. Interview with Joseph Ponder, January 2007.
46. Swift Boat Veterans for Truth, information packet, handed out at the National Press Club, May 4, 2004.

Chapter 6: Launching the Swift Vets

1. Vietnam Veterans Against the War, "A U.S. INFANTRY COMPANY JUST CAME THROUGH HERE!" (flyer), September 1970.
2. Interview with Ruth Franke, July 2007.
3. Interview with Merrie Spaeth, May 2006.
4. Quotes taken from the Swift Boat Veterans for Truth, press conference, National Press Club, May 4, 2004.
5. "Some Kerry commanders in war say they oppose him," New York Times, May 5, 2004.
6. Interview with Bill Franke, December 2006.
7. Interview with Roy Hoffmann, March 2006.
8. Interview with Joseph Ponder, January 2007.
9. Interview with John O'Neill, November 2006.
10. Interview with Jennifer Webster, May 2006.
11. Interview with Bill Franke, December 2006.
12. Kristinn Taylor, "FR Exclusive: AP Spikes John O'Neill - Swift Boat Vets Story," report to FreeRepublic.com, May 4, 2004.
13. "Some Kerry commanders in war say they oppose him," New York Times, May 5, 2004.
14. Richard Tompkins, "Vietnam Vets Slam Kerry," UPI, May 4, 2004.
15. "Veterans Attack Kerry on Vietnam," CBS Evening News, May 4, 2005.
16. "CBS Employs McCarthyistic Tactics to Smear Anti-Kerry Veterans," Media Research Center, May 5, 2005.
17. Mary Beth Cahill, statement on JohnKerry.com (archived).
18. Interview with Merrie Spaeth, May 2006.
19. Interview with John O'Neill, The American Enterprise, April/May 2005.
20. Interview with Jennifer Webster, May 2006.
21. Interview with Weymouth Symmes, January 2007.
22. Interview with Roy Hoffmann, March 2006.
23. Swift Boat Veterans for Truth phone conference, call list, July 2004, provided by Scott Swett.
24. Interview with Weymouth Symmes, January 2007.
25. Interview with Bob Elder, November 2006.
26. Interview with Bill Franke, December 2006.
27. Interview with Weymouth Symmes, January 2007.
28. Interview with John O'Neill, August 2006.
29. Interview with Bill Franke, April 2007.
30. Interview with Mike Russell, February 2006.
31. Interview with Jennifer Webster, May 2006.
32. Interview with Mike Russell, February 2006.
33. Interview with Jennifer Webster, May 2006.
34. Interview with Roy Hoffmann, March 2006.
35. Interview with John O'Neill, Nightline with Ted Koppel, on ABC News, October 14, 2004, second segment.
36. Swift Vets and POWs for Truth, media appearance list, posted at SwiftVets.com.
37. Interview with Jennifer Webster, May 2006.
38. Ibid.
39. Interview with Van Odell, July 2006.
40. John O'Neill, remarks at Swift Vets and POWs for Truth dinner, Philadelphia, December 4, 2004.

Chapter 7: Developing a Tap Code

1. A.J. Liebling, from "Michael Moncur's (Cynical) Quotations."
2. Power Line, February 12, 2005.
3. Interview with John O'Neill, The American Enterprise, April/May 2005.
4. "CBS Employs McCarthyistic Tactics to Smear Anti-Kerry Veterans."
5. SwiftVets.com bulletin board, May 10, 2004.
6. "LIVE THREAD: Swift Boat Veterans for Truth Press Conference on C-SPAN," FreeRepublic.com, May 4, 2004.
7. See, for example, Jeff Gannon, "Web Site Exposes Kerry's 1971 Antiwar Book, Activities," Talon News, February 25, 2004.
8. Winter Soldier Newsletter, May 4, 2004.
9. "Swift Boat Veteran Quotes About John Kerry," WinterSoldier.com, May 17, 2004.
10. "Swift Boat Veterans and the Media Iron Curtain," WinterSoldier.com, May 16, 2004.
11. "Swift Boat Veterans for Truth," WinterSoldier.com, May 17, 2004.
12. "Vietnam Vets Speak Out on John Kerry," NewsMax.com, July 2, 2004.
13. "Vietnam Vets Speak Out on John Kerry," FreeRepublic.com, July 3, 2004.
14. Jerome R. Corsi and Jeffrey M. Epstein, "Kerry Honored by Vietnamese Communists," WinterSoldier.com, May 31, 2004.
15. Diem Quynh, "Invoking Viet Nam to cover up Iraq abuses," June 11, 2004.
16. Greg Pierce, "Citing Kerry," Washington Times, June 21, 2004.
17. Susan Jones, "Kerry's Vietnam Remarks Coming Back to Haunt America, Lawmaker Says," CNSNews.com, June 23, 2004.
18. Phillip A. Young, "To My Dad on Father's Day 2004," WinterSoldier.com, June 22, 2004.
19. Phillip A. Young, emails to WinterSoldier.com, June 21, 2004.
20. Interview with Jay Arnold, December 2005.
21. Statistics taken from SwiftVets.com Bulletin Board.
22. "Analysis of John Kerry's Fitness Reports," SwiftVets.com, July 22, 2004.
23. Bob Elder, "Summit Meeting at Ton Sun Nuht," SwiftVets.com.
24. See for example "Kerry Phones Swift Boat Foes," DrudgeReport.com, August 24, 2004. Swift Vet Robert "Friar Tuck" Brant quoted Kerry as follows: "When we dedicated Swift Boat One in '92, I said to all the Swift guys that I wasn't talking about the Swifties, I was talking about all the rest of the veterans."
25. Federal Bureau of Investigation, files on Vietnam Veterans Against the War, HQ 100-448092, Sub A Section 01, 79.
26. "John Kerry's Phony War Crimes Charges," SwiftVets.com, July 22, 2004.
27. SwiftVets.com, July 22, 2004.
28. Comparison of SwiftVets.com and MoveOn.org, Alexa.com.
29. Interview with Robert Elder, November 2006.
30. "Washington Prowler," The American Spectator, August 10, 2004.
31. Interview with Dr. Jerome Corsi, October 2004.
32. Interview with Dr. Jerome Corsi, October 2006.
33. Ibid.
34. Dr. Jerome Corsi, email, June 8, 2004.
35. Dr. Jerome Corsi, email, June 10, 2004.
36. Interview with John O'Neill, July 2006.
37. John O'Neill, email, November 1, 2006.
38. Interview with John O'Neill, July 2006.
39. Dr. Jerome Corsi email, December 3, 2006.
40. Dr. Jerome Corsi email, June 28, 2004.
41. "Controversy Surrounds Kerry Convention Film: War Scenes Re-enacted," DrudgeReport.com, July 28, 2004.
42. Robert Novak, "Kerry's War Record," TownHall.com, August 9, 2004.
43. Tony Blankley, "Unfit for Command?" Washington Times, August 10, 2004.
44. "MMFA Investigates: Who is Jerome Corsi, co-author of Swift Boat Vets attack book?" Media Matters for America, August 6, 2004.
45. Dr. Jerome Corsi, email, August 6, 2004.
46. "Corsi apologized 'if anybody was offended' by slurs; vanished from Hannity & Colmes lineup," Media Matters for America, August 11, 2004.
47. Interview with Dr. Jerome Corsi, October 2006.
48. Chris Field, "Kerry Supporters Hack Barnes & Noble Website," HumanEvents.com, August 9, 2004.
49. David St. Lawrence, "Amazon.com fails to squelch Unfit for Command," Making Ripples, August 30, 2004.
50. "Booksellers Caught In 'Unfit' Crossfire," Publisher's Weekly, August 30, 2004.
51. "'Unfit for Command' Hits #1 on NY Times Bestseller List," NewsMax.com.
52. "New York Times Bestseller List: Hardcover Nonfiction," NewYorkTimes.com, October 31, 2004.
53. John O'Neill, email, November 2006.
54. "That Swiftboat Veterans For Truth Ad," Ace of Spades, August 4, 2004.
55. "Exemption Requirements - Political Organizations," Internal Revenue Service.
56. Jonathan Rauch, "McCain-Feingold at Rest," Reason Online, May 9, 2005.
57. Interview with Bill Franke, December 2006.
58. Interview with Chris LaCivita, November 2006.
59. Interview with Rick Reed, November 2006.
60. Interview with Chris LaCivita, November 2006.
61. Interview with Dr. Harry Kloor, January 2007.
62. Interview with Chris LaCivita, November 2006.
63. Three Minutes, Kerry campaign TV ad, JohnKerry.com, July 11, 2004.
64. Interview with Dr. Harry Kloor, January 2007.
65. Interview with Chris LaCivita, November 2006.
66. Interview with Brian Craig, December 2006.
67. Interview with Bill Franke, April 2007.
68. Paul Galanti biography, POW Network.
69. Kenneth Cordier biography, POW Network.
70. Interview with Kenneth Cordier, November 2006.
71. James Warner biography, POW Network.
72. James Warner, "A Vietnam POW Looks at Kerry," Soldier of Fortune, July 2004.
73. Interview with Stephanie (Warner) Thomas, November 2006.
74. Interview with Paul Galanti, November 2006.
75. Interview with Van Odell, July 2006.
76. Interview with Jack Chenoweth, March 2007.
77. Interview with Dr. Harry Kloor, January 2007.
78. Interview with Bill Franke, December 2006.
79. Interview with Bob Elder, November 2006.
80. Interview with Dr. Harry Kloor, January 2007.
81. Interview with Rick Reed, November 2006.
82. Interview with Chris LaCivita, November 2006.
83. Donations by T. Boone Pickens, under "Billionaire Political Donations," Newsmeat.com.
84. For details of Mentzer Media Services TV ad buys for Swift Vets, see CampaignMoney.com.
85. Interview with Weymouth Symmes, January 2007.
86. Interview with Jennifer Webster, May 2006.
87. Interview with Bill Franke, April 2007.
88. Interview with Chris LaCivita, November 2006.
89. Interview with Rick Reed, November 2006.
90. Interview with Bill Franke, December 2006.
91. Interview with Weymouth Symmes, January 2007.

End Notes, Page 2